Sorting data with KeyPathComparator
KeyPathComparator was added to Foundation in iOS 15 and macOS 12. The KeyPathComparator is used by defining a key path which is used for fetching a value for comparison. Values are then compared with a SortComparator. In the simplest form we do not need to create the SortComparator ourselves and instead, ComparableComparator is created automatically. But if the value is String then String.StandardComparator.localizedStandard is used instead of ComparableComparator. All in all it is pretty much the similar to NSSortDescriptor which was used for sorting NSArray and NSMutableArray. New comparator types on the other hand can be used with many more types.
As an example, let’s take a case of having an array of
Player types where each player has played two rounds and therefore have two different scores. Additionally, each player type stores a competitor number as well.
If we want to sort the array of players by first and second round scores then it goes like this (note that order is set to reverse which gives us descending order):
Here we can see that sequences have sorted(using:) functions which take in either one comparator or several. An example of using several comparators is sorting the same players array by the highest score first and if two or more players hace the same highest score, then sorting by the worst score from these two rounds.