Foundation iOS Swift

URL type properties for folders in iOS

I have a tiny Swift package, what I have been using for reading and writing data on disk. Data is written to a subfolder in the documents folder. Beginning with iOS 16 there is a new way how to create that URL. It is such a tiny addition to what should have been there a long time ago.

let url = try FileManager.default.url(for: .documentDirectory,
in: .userDomainMask,
appropriateFor: nil,
create: false)
// vs
let url2 = URL.documentsDirectory
view raw URL.swift hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Here we can see that instead of a throwing function which has 4 parameters, we can replace it with a non-throwing type property. Finally! Not sure why it gives me so much happiness, maybe because I always forget the URL API whenever I need it.

static var applicationDirectory: URL
static var applicationSupportDirectory: URL
static var cachesDirectory: URL
static var desktoDirectory: URL
static var documentsDirectory: URL
static var downloadsDirectory: URL
static var homeDirectory: URL
static var libraryDirectory: URL
static var moviesDirectory: URL
static var musicDirectory: URL
static var picturesDirectory: URL
static var sharedPublicDirectory: URL
static var temporaryDirectory: URL
static var trashDirectory: URL
static var userDirectory: URL
view raw URL.swift hosted with ❤ by GitHub

If this was helpful, please let me know on Twitter @toomasvahter. Feel free to subscribe to RSS feed. Thank you for reading.

iOS LinkPresentation macOS Swift UIKit

Loading URL previews using LinkPresentation framework in Swift

iOS and macOS got a new framework in WWDC’19 named LinkPresentation. LinkPresentation enables fetching URL previews.

Adding LPLinkView for presenting preview

LPLinkView is a view subclass meant for rendering LPLinkMetadata. LPLinkMetadata contains information about the link: title, icon, image, video.

import LinkPresentation
let linkView = LPLinkView(metadata: LPLinkMetadata())
linkView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
stackView.insertArrangedSubview(linkView, at: 0)
Adding LPLinkView to stack view

Fetching previews with LPMetadataProvider

Instances of LPLinkMetadata are fetched using LPLinkMetadataProvider for a given url. LPLinkMetadata is conforming to NSSecureCoding what enables a way of converting it to Data and storing the metadata on disk. Next time we need metadata for this url, we can use a locally cached data instead. Archiving and unarchiving is done with help of NSKeyedArchiver and NSKeyedUnarchiver and in the example archived data is stored in UserDefaults. In real apps it makes sense to store the data in separate files instead and not polluting UserDefaults with preview data.

private let metadataStorage = MetadataStorage()
private lazy var metadataProvider = LPMetadataProvider()
private weak var linkView: LPLinkView?
@IBAction func loadPreview(_ sender: UIButton) {
if let text = textField.text, let url = URL(string: text) {
// Avoid fetching LPLinkMetadata every time and archieve it disk
if let metadata = metadataStorage.metadata(for: url) {
linkView?.metadata = metadata
metadataProvider.startFetchingMetadata(for: url) { [weak self] (metadata, error) in
if let error = error {
else if let metadata = metadata {
DispatchQueue.main.async { [weak self] in
self?.linkView?.metadata = metadata
Fetching and caching LPMetadata
struct MetadataStorage {
private let storage = UserDefaults.standard
func store(_ metadata: LPLinkMetadata) {
do {
let data = try NSKeyedArchiver.archivedData(withRootObject: metadata, requiringSecureCoding: true)
var metadatas = storage.dictionary(forKey: "Metadata") as? [String: Data] ?? [String: Data]()
while metadatas.count > 10 {
metadatas.removeValue(forKey: metadatas.randomElement()!.key)
metadatas[metadata.originalURL!.absoluteString] = data
storage.set(metadatas, forKey: "Metadata")
catch {
print("Failed storing metadata with error \(error as NSError)")
func metadata(for url: URL) -> LPLinkMetadata? {
guard let metadatas = storage.dictionary(forKey: "Metadata") as? [String: Data] else { return nil }
guard let data = metadatas[url.absoluteString] else { return nil }
do {
return try NSKeyedUnarchiver.unarchivedObject(ofClass: LPLinkMetadata.self, from: data)
catch {
print("Failed to unarchive metadata with error \(error as NSError)")
return nil
Local LPMetadata storage using UserDefaults as storage


LinkPresentation framework adds a easy way of fetching previews for web pages. It provides a LPLinkView class making it extremely easy to render the preview.

If this was helpful, please let me know on Twitter @toomasvahter. Feel free to subscribe to RSS feed. Thank you for reading.

Example Project

LinkPresentationView (Xcode 11 GM)